Sans for508

sans for508

Lee explains recent updates. This course is unlike any other technical training you have experienced. It focuses on structured analysis in order to establish a solid foundation for any security skillset and to amplify existing skills.

The course will help practitioners from across the security spectrum to:. It is common for security practitioners to call themselves analysts. But how many of us have taken structured analysis training instead of simply attending technical training? Both are important, but very rarely do analysts focus on training on analytical ways of thinking. This course exposes analysts to new mindsets, methodologies, and techniques that will complement their existing knowledge as well as establish new best practices for their security teams.

Proper analysis skills are key to the complex world that defenders are exposed to on a daily basis. The analysis of an adversary's intent, opportunity, and capability to do harm is known as cyber threat intelligence. Intelligence is not a data feed, nor is it something that comes from a tool.

Intelligence is actionable information that answers a key knowledge gap, pain point, or requirement of an organization. This collection, classification, and exploitation of knowledge about adversaries gives defenders an upper hand against adversaries and forces defenders to learn and evolve with each subsequent intrusion they face.

Cyber threat intelligence thus represents a force multiplier for organizations looking to establish or update their response and detection programs to deal with increasingly sophisticated threats. Malware is an adversary's tool, but the real threat is the human one, and cyber threat intelligence focuses on countering those flexible and persistent human threats with empowered and trained human defenders.

Knowledge about the adversary is core to all security teams. The red team needs to understand adversaries' methods in order to emulate their tradecraft. The Security Operations Center needs to know how to prioritize intrusions and quickly deal with those that need immediate attention. The incident response team needs actionable information on how to quickly scope and respond to targeted intrusions. The vulnerability management group needs to understand which vulnerabilities matter most for prioritization and the risk that each one presents.

The threat hunting team needs to understand adversary behaviors to search out new threats. In other words, cyber threat intelligence informs all security practices that deal with adversaries. FOR Cyber Threat Intelligence will equip you, your security team, and your organization in the tactical, operational, and strategic level cyber threat intelligence skills and tradecraft required to better understand the evolving threat landscape and to accurately and effectively counter those threats.DAY 0: A 3-letter government agency contacts you to say an advanced threat group is targeting organizations like yours, and that your organization is likely a target.

They won't tell how they know, but they suspect that there are already several breached systems within your enterprise. An advanced persistent threat, aka an APT, is likely involved. This is the most sophisticated threat that you are likely to face in your efforts to defend your systems and data, and these adversaries may have been actively rummaging through your network undetected for months or even years. This is a hypothetical situation, but the chances are very high that hidden threats already exist inside your organization's networks.

Organizations can't afford to believe that their security measures are perfect and impenetrable, no matter how thorough their security precautions might be. Prevention systems alone are insufficient to counter focused human adversaries who know how to get around most security and monitoring tools. The key is to constantly look for attacks that get past security systems, and to catch intrusions in progress, rather than after attackers have completed their objectives and done significant damage to the organization.

For the incident responder, this process is known as "threat hunting. Threat hunting and Incident response tactics and procedures have evolved rapidly over the past several years.

Your team can no longer afford to use antiquated incident response and threat hunting techniques that fail to properly identify compromised systems, provide ineffective containment of the breach, and ultimately fail to rapidly remediate the incident. Incident response and threat hunting teams are the keys to identifying and observing malware indicators and patterns of activity in order to generate accurate threat intelligence that can be used to detect current and future intrusions.

There are ways to gain an advantage against the adversaries targeting you - and it starts with the right mindset and knowing what works. Incident responders and threat hunters should be armed with the latest tools, memory analysis techniques, and enterprise methodologies to identify, track, and contain advanced adversaries and to remediate incidents. Incident response and threat hunting analysts must be able to scale their analysis across thousands of systems in their enterprise.

This section examines the six-step incident response methodology as it applies to incident response for advanced threat groups. We will show the importance of developing cyber threat intelligence to impact the adversaries' "kill chain. Endpoint detection and response EDR capabilities are increasingly a requirement to track targeted attacks by an APT group or organized crime syndicates that can rapidly propagate through hundreds of systems. Rapid response to multiple distributed systems cannot be accomplished using the standard "pull the hard drive" forensic examination methodology.

Such an approach will alert the adversaries that you are aware of them and may allow them to adapt quickly and exfiltrate sensitive information in response. Students will receive a full six-month license of F-Response Enterprise Edition, enabling them to use their workstation or the SIFT workstation to connect and script actions on hundreds or thousands of systems in the enterprise. This capability is used to benchmark, facilitate, and demonstrate new incident response and threat hunting technologies that enable a responder to look for indicators of compromise across the entire enterprise network.

During an intrusion, using memory analysis sometimes feels like cheating. Now a critical component of many incident response and threat hunting teams that detect advanced threats in their organization, memory forensics has come a long way in just a few years. Memory forensics can be extraordinarily effective at finding evidence of worms, rootkits, and advanced malware used by an APT group of attackers.

Traditionally, memory analysis was solely the domain of Windows internals experts, but the recent development of new tools makes it accessible today to anyone, especially incident responders and threat hunters. Better tools, interfaces and detection heuristics have greatly leveled the playing field. Understanding attack patterns in memory is a core analyst skill applicable across a wide range of endpoint detection and response products.

This extremely popular section will introduce some of the most capable tools available and provide you with a solid basis to add foundational and advanced memory forensic skills to your incident response and forensics capabilities. Attackers are sloppy; they leave footprints everywhere.

Learn the secrets of the best hunters. Cyber defenders have a wide variety of tools and artifacts available to identify, hunt, and track adversary activity in a network. Each attacker action leaves a corresponding artifact, and understanding what is left behind as footprints can be critical to both red and blue team members.

Attacks follow a predictable pattern, and we focus our detective efforts on immutable portions of that pattern. As an example, at some point an attacker will need to run code to accomplish its objectives.The enemy is getting better and bolder, and their success rate is impressive.

We need lethal digital forensics experts who can detect and eradicate advanced threats immediately. A properly trained incident responder could be the only defense your organization has left during a compromise. Forensics Advanced Digital Forensics, Incident Response, and Threat Hunting is crucial training for you to become the lethal forensicator who can step up to these advanced threats.

The enemy is good. We are better. This course will help you become one of the best. The GCFA certifies that candidates have the knowledge, skills, and ability to conduct formal incident investigations and handle advanced incident handling scenarios, including internal and external data breach intrusions, advanced persistent threats, anti-forensic techniques used by attackers, and complex digital forensic cases.

The GCFA certification focuses on core skills required to collect and analyze data from Windows and Linux computer systems. CyberLive testing creates a lab environment where cyber practitioners prove their knowledge, understanding, and skill using:. Candidates are asked practical questions that require performance of real-world-like tasks that mimic specialized job roles.

Note: GIAC reserves the right to change the specifications for each certification without notice. GIAC certification attempts will be activated in your GIAC account after your application has been approved and according to the terms of your purchase.

Details on delivery will be provided along with your registration confirmation upon payment. You will receive an email notification when your certification attempt has been activated in your account.

You will have days from the date of activation to complete your certification attempt. GIAC exams are delivered online through a standard web browser. There are many sources of information available regarding the certification objectives' knowledge areas. Practical experience is an option; there are also numerous books on the market covering Computer Information Security.

Another option is any relevant courses from training providers, including SANS.Not much changed compared to the past year, the venue was the same, food was the same, even some of the course participants were familiar.

Nevertheless I prevailed, winning all 3 challenge coins in the process. Coming from a pentesting and red teaming background does have its advantage when doing threat hunting and digital forensics.

I was very familiar with all the lateral movement and persistency techniques covered in the first few days of the course. However, what is rather interesting is the acquisition of these artefacts.

When performing red teaming, you can easily use "reg query" or "Get-WmiObject" to enumerate the entries on a live system. With forensics, the system could be offline, hence different tools have to be used to parse the registry hives or WMI repository on disk to enumerate these entries.

This is especially so since the timestamps are rather non-intuitive and I was very confused by it when I first encountered it. The initial levels of NetWars Core were rather annoying.

There were huge background stories wall of textsnippets of information everywhere and binaries that beeped for a few seconds before returning the output. I guess I was used to the more straightforward crackme style of challenges e.

It could be rather exciting especially if you are a Star Wars fan and were playing at leisure. But with only 6 hours in total, I wouldn't want to process so much extraneous information or wait for the binary to return an output. Once I got to level 3, things started getting more exciting with the pentest challenge.

I only managed to make it halfway through level 3, nevertheless the effort was enough to place me in the top 5.

Intro and SANS GCFA FOR508 Course Review

I will definitely be returning to crack the rest of level 3 and move to level 4. Suprise suprise! After getting the USB key, I realised that the challenge was exactly the same as the previous year. It was a rather leisurely game as I could recall the solutions for some of the more tricky questions. This year I finally managed to finish all the questions, netting me a second coin with a score of I will likely not be returning anymore, not at least until the challenge gets updated.

FOR Coming from a pentesting and red teaming background does have its advantage when doing threat hunting and digital forensics. NetWars Defense Suprise suprise!DAY 0: A 3-letter government agency contacts you to say an advanced threat group is targeting organizations like yours, and that your organization is likely a target.

They won't tell how they know, but they suspect that there are already several breached systems within your enterprise. An advanced persistent threat, aka an APT, is likely involved. This is the most sophisticated threat that you are likely to face in your efforts to defend your systems and data, and these adversaries may have been actively rummaging through your network undetected for months or even years.

This is a hypothetical situation, but the chances are very high that hidden threats already exist inside your organization's networks. Organizations can't afford to believe that their security measures are perfect and impenetrable, no matter how thorough their security precautions might be. Prevention systems alone are insufficient to counter focused human adversaries who know how to get around most security and monitoring tools.

The key is to constantly look for attacks that get past security systems, and to catch intrusions in progress, rather than after attackers have completed their objectives and done significant damage to the organization.

For the incident responder, this process is known as "threat hunting". Threat hunting uses known adversary behaviors to proactively examine the network and endpoints in order to identify new data breaches. Threat hunting and Incident response tactics and procedures have evolved rapidly over the past several years. Your team can no longer afford to use antiquated incident response and threat hunting techniques that fail to properly identify compromised systems, provide ineffective containment of the breach, and ultimately fail to rapidly remediate the incident.

Community: Downloads

Incident response and threat hunting teams are the keys to identifying and observing malware indicators and patterns of activity in order to generate accurate threat intelligence that can be used to detect current and future intrusions. This in-depth incident response and threat hunting course provides responders and threat hunting teams with advanced skills to hunt down, identify, counter, and recover from a wide range of threats within enterprise networks, including APT nation-state adversaries, organized crime syndicates, and hacktivists.

Constantly updated, FOR Advanced Incident Response and Threat Hunting addresses today's incidents by providing hands-on incident response and threat hunting tactics and techniques that elite responders and hunters are successfully using to detect, counter, and respond to real-world breach cases. The course uses a hands-on enterprise intrusion lab -- modeled after a real-world targeted APT attack on an enterprise network and based on APT group tactics to target a network -- to lead you to challenges and solutions via extensive use of the SIFT Workstation and best-of-breed investigative tools.

During the intrusion and threat hunting lab exercises, you will identify where the initial targeted attack occurred and how the adversary is moving laterally through multiple compromised systems. You will also extract and create crucial cyber threat intelligence that can help you properly scope the compromise and detect future breaches. During a targeted attack, an organization needs the best incident response team in the field. FOR Advanced Incident Response and Threat Hunting will train you and your team to respond, detect, scope, and stop intrusions and data breaches.

Notice: Please plan to arrive 30 minutes early on Day 1 for lab preparation and set-up. There are ways to gain an advantage against the adversaries targeting you -- it starts with the right mindset and knowing what works.All rights reserved. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Sign In or Register. Sign In Register. November in GIAC. I'm new here after just finding this site while looking for info on SANS forensics certifications. Just thought I'd take a minute to introduce myself, and post a link to a pretty good review on FOR I found. About 6 years ago I began retraining myself in digital forensics and began my own business doing forensics, incident response and e-discovery. Earlier this year I took a full-time contracting position with a federal agency in a cyber-security group.

My main job is threat analysis but I also do some forensics and response as needed. I'm finding some gaps in my knowledge so I'm about to pull the trigger and take a SANS forensics course and associated exam. I'll be paying for the class out of my own pocket no paid training for contractors.

sans for508

I've heard of other SANS class attendees making something called an "index" that they then use during the cert test. Can somebody explain to me what this is? November An index is basically a quick-reference guide that you build based on the SANS courseware. You can and almost everyone does bring this index into the exam. I've become less dependent on using indexes for these exams over the years.

I recommend creating your own index, but some people share their's with others. Personally, I think an index is best leveraged to identify your own weak points on different subject areas, so the collection of paper is really tuned to you as an exam candidate more than anything else. Well crap, I just clicked the wrong damned button and deleted my original post!

Where's a backup when I need one!? That's what I get for watching the Seahawks game at the same time I'm reading the forum. Anyway, thanks for the reply back docrice. Hey LDRydr. Days 1 and 2 were pretty good. Chad did mention that covers IR procedures First Responder and some analysis, but that it was mainly a Windows based course. Cool, I see my original post is back! Thanks for the reply Psyco I'll check the links out.

I was just playing with Redline and Volatility both today, getting a new analysis machine configured. Net v4. Go figure. I never could get it to work on the previous version so hoping for better luck on this one. I would still use both tools though, Redline is "sexier" with it's GUI and reports.The SIFT Workstation is a group of free open-source incident response and forensic tools designed to perform detailed digital forensic examinations in a variety of settings.

It can match any current incident response and forensic tool suite. SIFT demonstrates that advanced incident response capabilities and deep dive digital forensic techniques to intrusions can be accomplished using cutting-edge open-source tools that are freely available and frequently updated. It's successfully used for incident response and digital forensics and is available to the community as a public service.

With overdownloads to date, the SIFT continues to be the most popular open-source incident-response and digital forensic offering next to commercial source solutions.

sans for508

The powerful open source forensic tools in the kit on top of the versatile and stable Linux operating system make for quick access to most everything I need to conduct a thorough analysis of a computer system," said Ken Pryor, GCFA Robinson, IL Police Department.

Our goal is to make the installation and upgrade of the SIFT workstation as simple as possible, so we create the SIFT Command Line project, which is a self-container binary that can be downloaded and executed to convert your Ubuntu installation into a SIFT workstation. A key tool during incident response helping incident responders identify and contain advanced threat groups.

The SIFT provides the ability to securely examine raw disks, multiple file systems, and evidence formats. It places strict guidelines on how evidence is examined read-only verifying that the evidence has not changed.

However, once REMnux is updated to work with As with any release, there will be bugs and requests; please report all issues and bugs to the following website and location. SIFT workstation is playing an essential role for the Brazilian national prosecution office, especially due to Brazilian government budgetary constraints. Its incident response and forensic capabilities are bundled on a way that allows an investigation to be conducted much faster than it would take if not having the right programs grouped on such great Linux distribution.

The new version, which will be bootable, will be even more helpful. I'd highly recommend SIFT for government agencies or other companies as a first alternative, for acquisition and analysis, from the pricey forensics software available on the market.

Webinar: The Basics of Incident Response

What I like the best about SIFT is that my forensic analysis is not limited because of only being ableto run an incident response or forensic tool on a specific host operating system. Not to mention, being able to mount forensic images and share them as read-only with my host OS, where I can run other forensic tools to parse data, stream-lining the forensic examination process.

Today's 3MinMax with kevinripa is out! Episode "Quic [ You can not call yourself a Forensics expert without taking the course from Rob Lee!.


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